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Juniper cRPD#

Juniper cRPD is identified with crpd kind in the topology file. A kind defines a supported feature set and a startup procedure of a crpd node.

cRPD nodes launched with containerlab comes up pre-provisioned with SSH service enabled, root user created and NETCONF enabled.

Managing cRPD nodes#

Juniper cRPD node launched with containerlab can be managed via the following interfaces:

to connect to a bash shell of a running cRPD container:

docker exec -it <container-name/id> bash

to connect to the cRPD CLI

docker exec -it <container-name/id> cli

NETCONF server is running over port 830

ssh root@<container-name> -p 830 -s netconf

Info

Default user credentials: root:clab123

Interfaces mapping#

cRPD container uses the following mapping for its linux interfaces:

  • eth0 - management interface connected to the containerlab management network
  • eth1 - first data interface

When containerlab launches cRPD node, it will assign IPv4/6 address to the eth0 interface. Data interface eth1 needs to be configured with IP addressing manually.

cRPD interfaces output

This output demonstrates the IP addressing of the linux interfaces of cRPD node.

❯ docker exec -it clab-crpd-crpd bash

===>
        Containerized Routing Protocols Daemon (CRPD)
Copyright (C) 2020, Juniper Networks, Inc. All rights reserved.
                                                                    <===

root@crpd:/# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

<SNIP>

5767: eth0@if5768: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1450 qdisc noqueue state UP group default
    link/ether 02:42:ac:14:14:03 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0
    inet 172.20.20.3/24 brd 172.20.20.255 scope global eth0
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 2001:172:20:20::3/80 scope global nodad
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::42:acff:fe14:1403/64 scope link
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
5770: eth1@if5769: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default
    link/ether b6:d3:63:f1:cb:7b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 1
    inet6 fe80::b4d3:63ff:fef1:cb7b/64 scope link
    valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
This output shows how the linux interfaces are mapped into the cRPD OS.
root@crpd> show interfaces routing
Interface        State Addresses
lsi              Up
tunl0            Up    ISO   enabled
sit0             Up    ISO   enabled
                    INET6 ::172.20.20.3
                    INET6 ::127.0.0.1
lo.0             Up    ISO   enabled
                    INET6 fe80::1
ip6tnl0          Up    ISO   enabled
                    INET6 fe80::42a:e9ff:fede:a0e3
gretap0          Down  ISO   enabled
gre0             Up    ISO   enabled
eth1             Up    ISO   enabled
                    INET6 fe80::b4d3:63ff:fef1:cb7b
eth0             Up    ISO   enabled
                    INET  172.20.20.3
                    INET6 2001:172:20:20::3
                    INET6 fe80::42:acff:fe14:1403
As you see, the management interface eth0 inherits the IP address that docker assigned to cRPD container.

Features and options#

Node configuration#

cRPD nodes have a dedicated config directory that is used to persist the configuration of the node. It is possible to launch nodes of crpd kind with a basic "empty" config or to provide a custom config file that will be used as a startup config instead.

Default node configuration#

When a node is defined without config statement present, containerlab will generate an empty config from this template and copy it to the config directory of the node.

# example of a topo file that does not define a custom config
# as a result, the config will be generated from a template
# and used by this node
name: crpd
topology:
  nodes:
    crpd:
      kind: crpd

The generated config will be saved by the path clab-<lab_name>/<node-name>/config/juniper.conf. Using the example topology presented above, the exact path to the config will be clab-crpd/crpd/config/juniper.conf.

User defined config#

It is possible to make cRPD nodes to boot up with a user-defined config instead of a built-in one. With a startup-config property of the node/kind a user sets the path to the config file that will be mounted to a container:

name: crpd_lab
topology:
  nodes:
    crpd:
      kind: crpd
      startup-config: myconfig.conf

With such topology file containerlab is instructed to take a file myconfig.conf from the current working directory, copy it to the lab directory for that specific node under the /config/juniper.conf name and mount that dir to the container. This will result in this config to act as a startup config for the node.

Saving configuration#

With containerlab save command it's possible to save running cRPD configuration into a file. The configuration will be saved by /config/juniper.conf path in the relevant node directory.

License#

cRPD containers require a license file to have some features to be activated. With a license directive it's possible to provide a path to a license file that will be copied over to the nodes configuration directory by the /config/license/safenet/junos_sfnt.lic path and will get applied automatically on boot.

Container configuration#

To launch cRPD, containerlab uses the deployment instructions that are provided in the TechLibrary as well as leveraging some setup steps outlined by Matt Oswalt in this blog post.

The SSH service is already enabled for root login, so nothing is needed to be done additionally.

The root user is created already with the clab123 password.

File mounts#

When a user starts a lab, containerlab creates a node directory for storing configuration artifacts. For crpd kind containerlab creates config and log directories for each crpd node and mounts these folders by /config and /var/log paths accordingly.

❯ tree clab-crpd/crpd
clab-crpd/crpd
├── config
│   ├── juniper.conf
│   ├── license
│   │   └── safenet
│   └── sshd_config
└── log
    ├── cscript.log
    ├── license
    ├── messages
    ├── mgd-api
    ├── na-grpcd
    ├── __policy_names_rpdc__
    └── __policy_names_rpdn__

4 directories, 9 files

Lab examples#

The following labs feature cRPD node:



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